Alexander’s Garden

Strolling through Moscow, you’ll certainly go to the Alexander garden, because it links the two main attractions of Moscow- namely the Kremlin and Red Square. For centuries, on the site of Alexander’s Garden ran the Neglinnaya River, which served as a natural barrier in front of the ancient walls of the Moscow Kremlin, but by the 19th century the defensive value of the river disappeared.

In the year 1812, as part of the reconstruction of Moscow after the fire, which occurred during Napoleon's invasion, architect Osip Bove decided to divert the river’s flow into an underground tube, and on its place erect a park, which was first called the Kremlin Park, and then Alexander’s Garden.

On one side above it rises a wall of the Moscow Kremlin, which is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, soldiers who died during the Second World War, and a number of obelisks naming cities hardest hit during the war. Every hour at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is a change of the honor guard. For many years it was held at the doors of Lenin's Mausoleum, but in the 90-ies the changing of the guard ceremony was moved to Alexander’s Garden, at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier. This ceremony has consistently collected dozens, if not hundreds, of tourists to watch it.

The other side of Alexander’s Garden is bordered by facilities of Manege Square. Now it is a large underground shopping mall. Three floors of retail space are located underground and above it is built a beautiful, small park. Along the line bordering Alexander’s Garden flows a small channel with traditional Russian fairy tale figures. In the Alexander garden has several monuments from different ages: Stella in honor of the 300-year old House of Romanov, Patriarch Germogenu monument, ruins of the Grotto, a fountain with four horses.

In the midst of the Alexander garden, or rather between the top and middle Aleksandrovskii Gardens and Kutafya Tower, which is now the main entrance to the Kremlin for tourists. In the Middle Garden, tickets can be bought and you can go through Kutaf′û Tower to enter the Kremlin.

In the evenings, at Alexander’s Garden and Manezhnaya Square there are always a lot of people who walk here and rest. On Manezh Square near the edge of Alexander's Garden is a building in which now hosts a variety of exhibitions. The arena building also represents a historical value. It was built in the year 1817 architect Betankurom without columns inside because riding classes were held here.