The Kremlin

The Moscow Kremlin is the main attraction of the Russian capital, and based on its’ fame in the world, it certainly can be called the most significant landmark in Russia. For a visit to the Kremlin one needs to devote almost the whole day considering the important sights located around it (Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral, Vasilievsky Spusk, Alexandrovsky Garden, walks in and around the Kremlin).

On either side of the Kremlin are bridges that cross the Moscow River. They open very beautiful views of the Kremlin. From the Big Moskvoretsky Bridge opens a wonderful view of the cathedrals of the Kremlin. From the side of Znamenka St. from the Large Stone Bridge, the Great Kremlin Palace looks wonderful. If you have time and energy, do not forget to climb them.

The Moscow Kremlin is essentially a huge fortress, rather like a small city inside its walls. It is located on the very spot where in 1147 Moscow was founded. The area inside the Kremlin is 27 hectares. The height of the Kremlin walls reaches 20 m (67 ft.) and a width of 6 m (20 ft.) in some places. In addition to the walls there are 20 towers that reach for the sky. There has always been a wall around the Kremlin since the founding of Moscow, but what we see now, was built in the years 1485-1495 and designed by Italian masters from Verona.

The teeth of the Kremlin wall are in the shape of a swallow tail and very similar to the walls of Verona.

All towers of the Kremlin have names such as: Spasskaya, Borovitskaya, Troitskaya, Nikolskaya, Senate, the Vodovzvodnaya, Corner Arsenalnaya and even two Nameless. The most beautiful Tower, of course, can be considered Spasskii. On this tower is installed the Kremlin clock. In the past, the soldiers guarding Lenin Mausoleum paced themselves according to the chimes of the tower clock. Now this post has been transferred to the Alexander Garden at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. So that is where you need to watch and photograph the marching soldiers.

The entrance to the Kremlin is situated in the Alexander Garden near the white Kutafey Tower. After going through the Trinity Tower (the highest with a height of 80 m or 262 ft.), visitors walk towards a large building of glass and concrete is the Kremlin Palace of Congresses. Alas, it does not adorn the Kremlin, especially when you consider how many ancient churches had to be demolished in 1961, when it was built. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union had to have a large hall for meetings. Now it hosts theatre performances, mainly ballets, and concerts.

To the right of the Palace of Congresses across the street you can see a yellow building, which is the Arsenal. Inside this building on a permanent basis is the Presidential Regiment consisting of about 2,000 soldiers and military equipment, protecting the country's leadership. If you walk along the Arsenal to Ivanovskaya Square, you can see two wonderful sights of the Kremlin: the Tsar Cannon (40 tons), which was never shot, and the Tsar- Bell (200 tons), which was never rung. The Cannon was cast in 1586, and the Bell in 1730, but they could not be used for their intended purposes by virtue of their giant sizes.

Since ancient times Ivanovskaya Square, was the main trading place in Moscow. It is associated with Russian proverbs such as "yelling on the whole Ivanovskii", "dance from Ivanovo", "walking around all Ivanovskii”. Now it's a very quiet and absolutely deserted area and no unauthorized people walk or shout here. To enter it is prohibited because behind it is the residence of the President of Russia and the shell of the presidential administration.

The most beautiful place in the Kremlin (and throughout Moscow) is Cathedral Square. It is named so because from all sides it is surrounded by old Russian cathedrals, including the main cathedral of Russia, the Yspenskii Cathedral in the Moscow Kremlin. Besides Yspenskii, the area is surrounded by Archangel Cathedral, Ivan the Great’s Bell Tower, Annunciation Cathedral, the Faceted Chamber and the Patriarchal Palace.