Moscow Cathedral Mosque

The Moscow Cathedral Mosque today impresses with its magnificence. But few people know that its history starts with the year 1904. That's when the first cathedral mosque was built in Moscow. A Moscow architect Nikolay Zhukov developed the project, and the famous Tatar merchant Salih Erzin became the patron. In the era of the Soviet Union, it was the only mosque in the city, which was not closed and held worship services. However, in the year 2005 it was decided to renovate, and in 2011 construction began on the new mosque, designed by architects Ilias Tažieva and Alexei Kolenteeva.

In the architectural ensemble of the new Cathedral Mosque in Moscow you will notice several historical and cultural throwbacks. So, for example, the two main minarets are taller than 70 m (230 ft.) and very similar in shape to the famous leaning tower of the Kazan Kremlin (Söyembikä) and to the Spasskuû Tower of the Moscow Kremlin. This idea is a symbol of unity and friendship of the Russian and Tatar peoples. A huge 46-metre golden dome mosque, on whose cover together with minarets took about 12 tons of gold leaf, which echoes the way Orthodox "golden-domed Moscow". Do not forget to pay tribute to the architects and the original appearance of the mosques: old walls have been collected anew, they successfully fit in with new interior, while retaining the old look, and on top of one of the minarets was placed a Crescent, which adorned the old building. The new mosque has traits of a Byzantine style, this 6-storey building is crowned with a few different sizes of minarets, domes and towers. Compared to the original building, the area of the new mosque has almost 20 times as much space and amounted to 18900 sq. m. Prayer rooms for men and women now accommodate about 10,000 people. In addition, there are rooms in the mosque, where the ritual ablution, a large hall for imams, traditional ceremonies: five times daily, Friday, and holiday prayers, Nikah, janaza (funeral prayer) and the naming of children.

Tourists visiting the mosque for cultural and educational purposes, are struck by the pomp and splendor of the interior decorations. Numerous patterns and decorative elements meet the traditions of Muslim architecture, colors used in classic designs for Islam such as emerald, green, blue and white. On the inside of the dome, the walls and ceiling of the mosque are paintings representing the sacred verses from the Koran, made by Turkish masters. The Turkish Government also gave the Cathedral mosque in Moscow luxurious main doors, handmade carpets for prayer rooms and magnificent crystal chandeliers. More than 320 fixtures placed on the walls and ceiling are used to illuminate the mosques. Most of them repeat the shape of the main dome of the mosque on a different scale. The Central chandelier in the main hall is a giant lamp 8 m tall and weighs 1.5 tons. On its creation worked fifty Turkish masters over three months.

All this greatness you can see with your own eyes. The mosque is open to tourists, both independently and as part of tour groups. Do not forget only about appropriate religious place clothing and headgear.