Moscow Zoo

The Moscow Zoo was founded more than a century and a half ago. From the outset, on the site of today's Zoo were breeding ponds in which all kinds of fish were bred. At the end of the 18th century, near the Presnenskii ponds began to appear the menagerie, which of course was not like the current one, but already at that time pleased the whole population of Moscow with their inhabitants. The organizer of the Moscow Zoo was Tsar Alexander II, who gave the new Zoo an elephant, and allowed everyone to bring animals to the Zoo. During the war with the Nazis the Zoo was evacuated away from danger, but as soon as the threat diminished, the Moscow Zoo immediately returned to its home and began to receive visitors, and there were quite a few, about 6 million, during the war. Starting from 1950 onwards, the Zoo began to cooperate actively with many foreign zoos and diversify their animal population.

The Moscow Zoo strives to create favorable conditions for animal life, for example the breeding of cranes: Japanese and Siberian Crane. For keeping and breeding bustards a complex was built. There are such "rarities", like Far- Eastern leopards, Baikal Pallas cats, cheetahs, Amur Tigers, mid-Chinese red wolves, wolverines and others.

In the Center of Hoofed Animals they feel good. Here wild humpless American cousins of camels — vicuna as well as kiangs and blue sheep. Blue sheep and vicuna feel almost at home in natural habitats: these mountainous hoofed animals, and their large enclosures are located on hillsides. The pride of the Center consists of such rare species as white-shouldered eagles, golden eagles, kea, sterhi cheetahs, fossy, Siberian Tigers, leopards, Wolverine, Marco Polo sheep, Si chuan takiny, vicuna, rare species of snakes. Many of these species that have had offspring for the first time in Russia have done it in the Centre. Offspring of the zoos inhabitants are sent to live in other zoos around the world.

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